Students of ICSE Class 10 should refer to Energy Resources ICSE Class 10 Geography previous year questions and solutions. below which have come in past board exams. You should always go through questions that have come in previous years. This will help you to understand the pattern of questions in ICSE Class 10 Geography and prepare accordingly. This will help you to get better marks in ICSE Class 10 Board Exams
Very Short Answer Type Of Questions
Question: Name an important coalfield located in West Bengal.
Answer: Raniganj coalfield.
Question: State an important industrial use of coal.
Answer: Coal is widely used in the iron and steel industries.
Question: Name an off-shore oil field of India.
Answer: Mumbai High
Question: Which type of coal is mostly used in Iron and Steel Industries?
Answer:. Bituminous coal.
Question: Name one important area that has large coal deposits in the states of Jharkhand and West Bengal
Answer: Jharia in Jharkhand and Raniganj in West Bengal.
Question: Which state is the largest producer of mineral oil?
Answer: Maharashtra is the largest producer of mineral oil.
Question:. Name any two oil refineries of India.
Answer: Mathura Refinery and Mumbai Refinery.
Question: Why coal is considered the most important industrial power resource?
Ans. Coal is considered the most important industrial power resource because coal is found in abundance
and 67% of energy needed in our country is met by coal
Short Answer Type Questions
Question: Name the following:
(i) An offshore oilfield in the Gulf of Cambay.
(ii) An oil refinery in Bihar.
Answer: (i) Mumbai High.
(ii) Barauni refinery.
Question: Name any three types of coal found in India.
Answer: Anthracite, Bituminous and Lignite.
Question: Name the following:
(i) Largest coalfield of India.
(ii) Oldest oil-field of India.
Answer: (i) Raniganj in West Bengal
(ii) Digboi in Assam
Question: Name the:
(i) Largest oil refinery in the Public Sector.
(ii) State that is the largest producer of coal.
Answer: (i) Mathura / Guwahati / Digboi / Haldia / Koyali / Barauni / Kochin Chennai / Panipat / Mumbai / vishalapatnam
Question: Which of the different varieties of coal is used for domestic purposes and why?
Answer: Bituminous is used for domestic purposes. Burns slowly, no smoke, no ash, high heating value.
Question: Name two industries that use a high quantity of coal.
Answer: Iron and Steel Industry and the Sugar industry.
Question: Name two coastal and two inland oil refineries in India.
Answer: Coastal oil refinery- Mumbai and Vishakhapatnam Inland oil refinery- Mathura and Barauni.
Question: Which variety of coal is popular for domestic use? Give a reason for your answer.
Answer: Bituminous coal is popular for domestic use. It contains 80% carbon in it and its calorific value is very high
Question: Name any two off-shore oilfields of India.
Answer: Two off-shore oilfields of India are-
(i) Mumbai High.
(ii) Cambay Basin.
Question: What are two advantages of natural gas?
Answer: Two advantages of natural gas-
(i) It can be stored safely and can be transported efficiently through pipelines, cylinders, etc.
(ii) It is reliable and is conveniently used for cooking and for running many appliances.
(iii) It is cheaper and cleaner than petrol or diesel.
Question: Name two states with large deposits of coal. Name the coalfields in the states that you have named.
Answer: West Bengal and Jharkhand are the two states with large deposits of coal. Raniganj in West Bengal and Jharia in Jharkhand.
Question: What is lignite? Name one place in India where it is mined.
Answer: Lignite is a soft brown combustible sedimentary rock and has a carbon content of only 40%.
Lignite is mined in Neyveli in Tamil Nadu.
Question: Name an important coal producing state in India and a coal-mine located in that state.
Answer: Jharkhand is an important coal producing state in India. Jharia coal-mine is located in that state.
Question: Name two important oil fields in India.
Answer: Two important oil fields in India are-
(i) Digboi in Assam.
(ii) Cambay Basin in Gujarat.
Question: State two main drawbacks of the coal found in India.
Answer: Two main drawbacks of coal found in India-
(i) Greenhouse Gas Emissions is considered as one of the biggest drawbacks of coal energy.
(ii) It also results in harmful emission of substances like Mercury and Sulfur Dioxide which cause health hazards amongst the population of that area.
(iii) Uneven distribution of coal.
Question: Classify the Coal-fields in India. Name one State for each classification.
Answer: Gondwana Coal fields and Tertiary coal fields are the two coal fields in India. Gondwana Coalfields- West Bengal Tertiary Coalfields- Assam
Question: Mention two products of an Oil refinery. Name two Oil refineries in India, one along the coast and one away from the coast
Answer: Two products of an Oil refinery are Gasoline, LPG, naptha, diesel, kerosene, fuel, lubricating oils, bitumen, petroleum and coke. Oil refinery along the coast- Trombay and Vishakhapatnam. Oil refinery away from the coast- Mathura and Barauni.
Long Answer Type Questions
Question: (i) Mention two main uses of petroleum.
(ii) Name one new and one old oilfield in India.
Answer: (i) 1. Petroleum is widely used as fuel for transportation on land, on sea and in the air.
2. It is also used for power generation.
(ii) One new oilfield in India- Aishwarya oilfield in Barmer district in Rajasthan. One old oilfield in India- Digboi.
Question:. Give a geographic reason for each of the following:
(i) Many port cities have their own oil refineries.
(ii) Petroleum is called a ‘fossil fuel’.
(iii) Coal is called a versatile mineral.
Answer: (i) As port cities are large consumers of oil and its products and by-products/to cut down transport costs as most of the crude oil is imported.
(ii) As petroleum is derived from the decomposition of organic matter under tremendous heat and pressure.
(iii) As it has numerous uses-it can be converted into oil, gas and electricity/ used to generate power/ used as fuel/used as a raw material in numerous industries like iron and steel, fertilizers and cement/ yields valuable byproducts
like naphtha and phenol.
Question: Which State is the leading producer of the following minerals?
Answer: (i) Coal – Jharkhand
(ii) Oil – Maharashtra
(iii) Manganese – Odisha
Question: Give geographical reasons why:
(i) Anthracite is used for domestic purposes.
(ii) Oil refineries are located close to oil fields or near ports.
(iii) The location of coal fields is an important factor in industrial development.
Answer: (i) Anthracite has a heating value, high caloric value and is smokeless and is thus good for domestic purpose.
(ii) Oil refineries are located close to oil fields or near ports to avoid transportation of mineral oil to the interior places of the country as it is highly inflammable and risky.
(iii) It is so because to manufacture iron and steel, it is used as the important source of energy and is also used as a raw material in the chemical and other industries.
Question: Name a region which has natural gas deposits. Mention two uses of natural gas.
Ans. Regions which has natural gas deposits are Mumbai High, Assam, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Tripura.
Two uses of Natural Gas-
(i) It is mainly used as a fuel for generating electricity and heat.
(ii) Natural gas in compressed form is used as fuel for vehicles which is known as CNG
(Compressed Natural Gas).
Question: Why is an oil refinery located either close to an oilfield or in a coastal city? Name one oil refinery in
the private sector.
Answer: Oil refineries are located close to an oil field or in a coastal city because-
1. To minimise the cost of transport
2. To avoid transportation of mineral oil to the interior places of the country as it is highly inflammable.
One oil refinery in the private sector is The Reliance Petroleum Limited at Jamnagar in Gujarat.
Question:. (i) Name the oldest and the largest coal field in India.
(ii) Name any two raw materials derived from
Answer: (i) Oldest coal field- Raniganj in West Bengal Largest coal field- Jharia in Jharkhand
(ii) Two raw materials derived from coal-
Question: (i) Mention two uses of mineral oil.
(ii) Name an old and a new mineral oil producing
Answer: (i) Two uses of mineral oil-1. It is used as a fuel and as a lubricant.
2. It is also used in the chemical, pharmaceutical, textile and many other industries.
(ii) Old mineral producing area- Assam New mineral producing area- Mumbai High
Question: Name the four types of coal. Which of these is the best for industrial purposes? Justify your answer.
Answer: Anthracite, Bituminous, Lignite and Peat are the four types of coal. Bituminous coal is the best for industrial purposes. It is an important ingredient in iron and steel smelting in blast furnaces.
Question:. Mention three disadvantages of conventional sources of energy.
Answer: Three disadvantages of conventional sources of energy are-
(i) These are non-renewable sources of energy.
(ii) They are non-environment friendly.
(iii) These are exhaustible sources.
Question: State the conditions necessary for the formation of Natural gas. Mention two advantages of using Natural gas as a source of energy.
Answer: (i) An impervious rock, that prevents material from leaking out.
(ii) Organic material composed of dead animals and plants in sufficient supply.
(iii) Right pressure and temperature to allow the organic material to be transformed into hydrocarbons.
(iv) Millions of years of time.
Two advantages of using natural gas-
(i) Natural Gas is considered to be environment friendly.
(ii) It can be stored safely and can be transported efficiently through pipelines, cylinders, etc.
(iii) It is reliable and is conveniently used for cooking and for running many appliances.
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Question: ‘Multi-Purpose Projects are vital to the development of India. Explain.
Answer: Multi-purpose projects are vital because these projects are conducive to the economic development
of the country, are boosting agriculture through irrigation, prevent flooding and generate electricity.
Short Answer Type Questions
Question: Mention two advantages of Hydro-Electric Power over Coal and Petroleum.
Answer: Two advantages of Hydro-Electric power over Coal and Petroleum-
(i) Hydro-Electric power produces electricity from water and thus non-pollutant.
(ii) It is inexhaustible and renewable source of energy.
Question: Which multi-purpose project has been built on the river Sutlej? Name the states that are benefitted by this project.
Answer: Bhakra-Nangal Project has been built on the river Sutlej. Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan are benefitted by this project.
Question: Mention two differences between a dam and a barrage.
Question: State two hazards of constructing dam.
Answer: Two hazards of constructing dam-
(i) Ecological impact due to the disturbance in the ecology of water.
(ii) Human displacement from the place where they have been living for long period of time.
Long Answer Type Questions
Question: Mention three advantages that hydroelectric power has over thermal power.
Distinguish between a Thermal Power project and a Hydel Power project.
Answer: Three advantages that hydroelectric power has over thermal power are-
(i) Hydropower is generated from the force of running water while thermal power is produced by burning coal, petroleum or natural gas.
(ii) Hydel power is a clean source of energy and do not cause pollution while thermal produces air and dust pollution.
(iii) Hydel power is inexhaustible and renewable sources of energy while thermal power is nonrenewable sources of energy
Question: Distinguish between a Thermal Power Project and a Hydel Power Project.
Question: State any two features of the Bhakra Nangal Project. Which man-made lake is associated with this project?
Answer: (i) It is the largest and most significant multipurpose project built in India on river Sutlej.
(ii) Its main aim is to harness the water of river Sutlej. Gobind Sagar lake is the man-made lake associated with this project.
Question: With reference to the Hirakud project, answer the following questions:
(i) On which river is it located?
(ii) Name the dams associated with it.
(iii) State the number of Hydel Power stations associated with the project.
(iv) Name two units which are supplied electricity by the project.
Answer: (i) Hirakud Project is located on river Mahanadi.
(ii) Tikarparaand Neeraj Dam
(iii) Hirakud and Chiplima (Talcher).
(iv) The Hirakud Aluminium Plant, the Rourkela Steel Plant and the Vishakhapatnam Steel Project.
Non-Conventional Sources of Energy
Short Answer Type Questions
Question: Name the gas that is generated in bio-gas plants and then harnessed for power. Mention one advantage of bio-gas plants over the other sources of power.
Answer: Methane gas is generated in bio-gas plants. Biogas is a non-polluting, cheap and clean source of energy.
Question: Which is the most widespread non-conventional source of power? Give a reason for your answer.
Answer: Solar Energy is the most widespread nonconventional source of power. India is a tropical country and receive ample amount of solar energy throughout the year. It is also non-polluting and inexpensive.
Question: Mention two reasons to explain the increasing use of bio-gas.
Answer: Bio-gas is increasingly being used because-
(i) Biogas is a cheap and non-polluting.
(ii) It generates employment in the rural areas.
(iii) It is renewable source of energy.
(iv) It significantly lowers the greenhouse effects on the earth’s atmosphere.
Long Answer Type Questions
Question: Why is nuclear power generation carried out on a small scale in India?
Answer: Nuclear power generation carried out on a small scale in India because-
(i) It is expensive.
(ii) There is shortage of raw materials like uranium and thorium.
(iii) There is a problem of radioactive waste disposal.