Students of ICSE Class 10 should refer to Forward Bloc the Indian National Army ICSE Class 10 Questions and answers below which have come in past board exams. You should always go through questions which have come in previous years so that you can understand the pattern of questions in ICSE Class 10 History and prepare accordingly. This will help you to get better marks in ICSE Class 10 Board Exams
ICSE Class 10 Forward Bloc the Indian National Army Questions and Answers
Please refer to solved questions for chapter Forward Bloc the Indian National Army provided below. These questions and answers are expected to come in the examinations. Students should learn these so that they are able to answer the questions properly in exams and get good marks. Refer to Important Questions for ICSE Class 10 History and Civics for all chapters on our website.
Forward Bloc the Indian National Army Questions and Answers
Short Answer Type Questions
(1) How did the rise of socialism impact the Indian National Congress?
Ans. The economic depression which engulfed the capitalist countries in 1929, made no impact on Socialist Russia. This popularised the socialist ideas throughout the world. Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru pleaded the Congress to adopt socialism as the goal of the Congress at its Lucknow session in 1936.
(2) When did Subhash hold the presidentship of Indian National Congress?
Ans. He joined the Congress in April 1921 and plunged into the National Movement. He was unanimously elected President at the Haripura session of the Congress in 1938 and was re-elected for the second term at the Tripuri Congress session in 1939, defeating Pattabhi Sitaramyya, who had the backing of Mahatma Gandhi.
(3) Who conceived the idea of INA? When was Indian National Army formally established ?
Ans. The idea of the Indian National Army (INA) was conceived in Malaya by Mohan Singh, an Indian officer in the British Indian Army. Indian Prisoners of War (POW’s) were handed over by the Japanese to Mohan Singh who inducted them into the INA. The fall of Singapore brought 45,000 Indian POWs into Mohan Singh’s sphere of influence. By the end of 1942, more forty thousand men expressed their willingness to join the INA. The INA was formally established in September 1942.
(4) Mention any two contributions of Subhash Bose in Indian freedom struggle?
Ans. (i) In Singapore, Rash Behari Bose handed over the command of Azad Hind Fauj or INA to Subhas Chandra Bose, who became its supreme commander on August 26, 1943. (ii) He set up the Provisional Government of Free India on October 21, 1943 in Singapore. (iii) He declared war on Britain and the USA and acquired its first stretch of territory in India when Japan handed over Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
(5) Name the party formed by Subhash Chandra Bose. When was it found?
Ans. Forward Bloc, was formed by Subhash Chandra Bose on May 3, 1939. This party represented the left-wing in the Congress.
(6) What was the immediate objective of the Forward Bloc?
Ans. The main objective of the Forward Bloc was liberation of India with the support of workers, peasants, youths and all radical organisations.
(7) Name the islands which were handed over to INA by Japan. What names were given by Subhash Chandra Bose to these islands?
Ans. Andaman and Nicobar Islands were handed over to the INA. These Were renamed as ‘Shahid’ and ‘Swaraj’.
(8) Name the countries which accorded recognition to the Provisional Government.
Ans. Japan, Germany and Italy, the Axis powers had accorded recognition to the Provisional Government. (9) Who was Rash Behari Bose? Which oraganisation did he raise? Ans. Rash Behari Bose was an Indian revolutionary who went to Japan in 1915. He established Indian Independence League in 1942. He also played a vital role in raising the Indian National Army.
(10) Why did Subhash Chandra Bose resign from the presidentship of the Indian National Congress?
Ans. Subhash Chandra Bose resigned due to ideological differences with Gandhiji.
(11) State the importance of the Tripuri session (1939) of the Congress.
Ans. The Tripuri Session of the Congress in 1939 saw the widening of the gulf between the two wings of the Congress Party. The left wing led by Bose wanted the Congress to help the people of the Princely States in their struggle for freedom, whereas Gandhiji criticised their demands.
(12) What was Forward Bloc’s programme for rebuilding India ? OR How would Forward Bloc establish of socialist state in India after Independence?
Ans. Forward Bloc would work for the establishment of a Socialist State through: (i) reorganisation of agriculture and industry on socialist lines; (ii) abolition of the zamindari system; and (iii) introduction of a new monetary and credit system.
(13) How did the idea of Indian Independence League emerge?
Ans. Indians, living in territories captured by Japan, organised themselves into associations with the objective of contributing to the liberation of India and serving the interests of the overseas Indians during the critical period. Out of these associations was born the idea of an Indian Independence League. A definite shape was given to this idea by the Indian revolutionary, Rashbehari Bose who lived in Singapore after escaping from India.
(14) What was the objective of the Indian National Army ?
Ans. The main objectives of the INA were the following: (i) To organise an armed revolution and to fight the British army of occupation with modern arms. (ii) Since it was not possible for the Indians to organise an armed revolution from their homeland, this task must depend on Indians living abroad, particularly on Indians living in East Asia. (iii) To organise a provisional government of Free India in order to mobilise all the forces effectively. (iv) Total mobilisation of Indian man-power and money for a total war. (v) The motto of the INA was ‘unity, faith, sacrifice’.
(15) Who led the women’s regiment of INA ?
Ans. A women’s regiment called the Rani Jhansi Regiment was led by Dr. Laxmi Swaminathan.
(16) Who was the supreme commander of INA? Where were its headquarters located?
Ans. In August 1943, Subhash Bose took the charge of the Indian National Army and became its supreme commander. He set up the INA headquarters in Yangon and in Singapore and began to reconganise the INA.
(17) What was the war cry or the slogan given by Subhash Bose?
Ans. Subhash Chandra Bose gave the call to his soldiers, “Give me blood and I shall give you freedom.” He gave the slogans – ‘Delhi Chalo’ and ‘Jai Hind’.
(18) What was the task assigned to the Provisional Government?
Ans. The major task of the Provisional Govenment was to launch and conduct the struggle that will bring about the expulsion of the British and their allies from the Indian soil. Another important task assigned to the Provisional Government was to establish permanent national government of Azad Hind.
(19) Which territories in British India were captured by INA? OR State the victories of INA.
Ans. The INA made preparations to launch its fight for the liberation of India and went into action in February 1944. (i) INA captured Mowdok, an outpost situated south-east of Chittagong and advanced up to the frontier of India. (ii) They captured the strong military post of Klang Klang. (iii) The INA gave a tough fight to the British forces in the Assam hills and succeeded in capturing Ukhral and Kohima.
(20) Name the INA officers who were put to trial by the British?
Ans. The government decided to put on trial in the Red Fort at Delhi, officers of the INA – Shah Nawaz Khan, Gurdial Singh Dhillon and Prem Sehgal who had earlier been officers in the British India Army.
(21) How did Netaji said to have died?
Ans. After the surrender of Japan in WWII, Netaji left Rangoon for Bangkok. Thereafter he flew to Tokyo. While on his way to Tokyo he is said to have received fatal injuries in a plane crash. The Japanese official version was that Netaji died on August 18th, 1945.
(22) Who took the initiative for a conference in Tokyo? What was decided in the Conference?
Ans. It was mainly due to Rashbehari Bose’s efforts that a conference was held at Tokyo from 28th to 30th March, 1942. At the Conference the following decisions were taken : (i) to expand and strengthen the Indian Independence League, (ii) to form under the overall command of the League an Indian National Army (INA), i.e. an army for Indian liberation, (iii) to hold a conference at Bangkok to consolidate these decisions.
(23) When did Netaji take the charge of the INA? Where were it’s headquarters located?
Ans. On August 26th, 1943 he took the charge of the Indian National Army and became its supreme commander. He set up the INA headquarters in Yangon and in Singapore and began to reorganise the INA.
(24) Which resoultions were past at the Bangkok Conference?
Ans. The Bangkok Conference was held from June 15th to June 23rd. It passed many resolutions, such as:
(i) Invitation to Subhas Chandra Bose to come from Europe to lead this movement.
(ii) Formation of a Council of Action to control and guide the whole movement.
(iii) Election of Rashbehari Bose as the President of the Council.
(iv) Appointment of Mohan Singh as the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian National Army.
(1) Subhash Chandra Bose laid the foundation of a radical and progressive party within the Congress in 1939. In this context answer the following:
(a) Under what circumstances he resigned from the Presidentship of Congress.
(b) What led to the formation of the new party?
(c) Name the new party which he formed.
(d) Mention the ideals of the new Party.
Ans. (a) (i) Subhash Chandra Bose became the Congress President in 1938, showing the influence of the Leftist and Socialist wing in the Congress. He was re-elected the very next year i.e., in 1939 by defeating Gandhi’s candidate, Pattabhi Sitaramayya.
(ii) Gandhi felt that the defeat was his, rather than that of Pattabhi. On the question of the formation of the Congress Working Committee, there arose a sharp rift between Gandhi and Bose. While Bose wanted freedom to choose his own Working Committee, Gandhi disapproved it because he foresaw a danger of Bose using all means, including violence, in the struggle of independence.
(iii) The deadlock between the two could not be resolved inspite of the efforts by Nehru and Jayaprakash Narayan. As a result, Bose was left alone, as none would come forward to join his Working Committee in the face of Gandhi’s displeasure.
(iv) So, being rendered helpless, Subhash Chandra Bose resigned from the Congress Presidentship on April 29, 1939, yielding place to a Gandhian, Dr. Rajendra Prasad as the next President.
(b) The radicals in the Congress were in majority but they were not organised under one leadership. Subhash Chandra Bose felt the need of an organised and disciplined left – wing party in the Congress. So after resigning, he laid the foundation of a new party.
(c) He formed the Forward Bloc in 1939.
(d) Forward Bloc’s immediate objective was to liberate India with the support of workers, peasants, youth and other radical organisations. Main ideals of the Party : Ideals of Forward Bloc (i) To develop the economy on socialistic ideas.
(ii) Abolition of landlordism i.e. Zamindari System.
(iii) A new monetary and credit system.
(2) In context of INA explain
(a) Formation of INA.
(b) Victories of INA.
(c) Fate of INA.
(d) Impact of INA.
Ans.(a) Formation of INA :
(i) The idea of the Indian National Army (INA) was conceived in Malaya by Mohan Singh, an Indian officer in the British Indian Army.
(ii) Indian Prisoners of War (POW’s) were handed over by the Japanese to Mohan Singh who inducted them into the INA.
(iii) The fall of Singapore was crucial, for this brought 45,000 Indian POW’s into Mohan Singh’s sphere of influence. By the end of 1942, more forty thousand men expressed their willingness to join the INA.
(iv) The INA was a revolutionary army engaged in the global war. It was an army organised on foreign soil dependent on foreign powers for planes, tanks, artillery, rifles, ammunition and even lorries for the transport of soldiers to the front.
(b) Victories of INA :
(i) The INA made preparations to launch its fight for the libreation of India and went into action in February 1944.
(ii) INA captured Mowdok, an outpost situated south-east of Chittagong and advanced up to the frontier of India. They captured the strong military post of Klang Klang.
(iii) The INA gave a tough fight to the British forces in the Assam hills and succeeded in capturing Ukhral and Kohhima.
(iv) They raised the Tricolour Flag for the first time on the liberated Indian soil on March 19, 1944.
(c) Fate of INA : The INA’s victories were short-lived. They were three kilometres from Imphal when the Japanese forces had to withdraw from the Indo-Burma border because of their entanglement with the Americans in the Pacific Ocean. At the same time the rainy season set in. Rangoon was recaptured by the British early in May 1945. INA men were disarmed and made prisoners of war. The surrender of Japan in the Second World War on August 15, sealed the fate of the INA also.
(d) Impact of INA :
(i) (a) The INA inspired uprisings in the armed forces of the country. The Indian Naval ratings in Mumbai rose in revolt in February 1946.
(b) Similar uprisings took place at Kolkata, Chennai and Karachi. These naval revolts shook the foundation of the British Empire.
(ii) (a) The Government decided to put on trail in the Red Fort at Delhi, officiers of the INA-Shah Nawaz Khan, Gurdial Singh Dhillon and Prem Sehgal who had earlier been officiers in the British Indian Army.
(b) Even though the court-martial held the INA prisoners guilty, the Government had to set them free.
(iii) (a) The INA set an inspiring example of patriotism. The heroic deeds and sacrifices of the soldiers of INA led to political consiousness among the Indian forces.
(b) The British now realised that they could not rely on the Indian forces to continue their rule in India.
(3) Netaji believed in agitation and resorted to revolutionary methods for the attainment of Swaraj. In this context, discuss :
(a) The rift between Gandhi and Subhash Chandra Bose.
(b) His escape from house arrest.
(c) Provisional government of free India.
Ans. (a) After the end of Civil Disobedience movement, there started emerging a rift between Gandhiji and Subhas Chandra Bose on ideology and political actions.
(i) Bose wanted to use armed means to achieve independence, which was opposed by Gandhiji.
(ii) Bose favoured an industrialised state with a strong central government, but Gandhi favoured a decentralised state with focus on village industries.
(iii) Bose wanted to establish a socialistic society which was opposed by Gandhi.
(iv) Bose wanted to start a movement against Britain in 1939 as Britain was having a hard time fighting in World War II. Gandhiji, on the other hand, wanted to support Britain if it promised India her independence after the war.
(v) Bose later resigned from Congress Presidentship in 1939 due to his differences with Gandhi.
(b) In July 1940, Bose was arrested under the Defence of India Rules. He went on a hunger strike. As his health was declining rapidly, the Government released him. Thereafter he was kept under house arrest in Kolkata. But on January 26th, 1941, eluding police vigilance, he escaped from his house. Travelling through Peshawar and Russia, he reached Berlin on March 28. The Indian community in Germany welcomed him as their leader– Netaji; and greeted him with ‘Jai Hind’. He frequently urged his countrymen on the radio to rise in arms against the British. He also founded Free India Centres in Rome and Paris.
(c) (i) Subhas Chandra Bose set up the Provisonal Government of Free India on October 21, 1943 in Singapore.
(ii) The major task of the Provisional Government was to launch and conduct the struggle that will bring about expulsion of the British and their allies from the Indian soil.
(iii) Another important task assigned to the Provisional government was to establish a permanent national government of Azad Hind.
(iv) The Provisional Government acquired its first stretch of territory in India when Japan handed over Andaman and Nicobar Islands to it on November 6, 1943. Bose renamed them Shaheed and Swaraj Islands, respectively.
(4) Bose was a man of action. Using the following points summarise his contribution to the independence of India :
(a) Netaji’s contributions to Congress
(b) Netaji’s contributions to the Indian freedom struggle
(c) Netaji’s legacy
Ans. (a) Netaji’s contributions to Congress :
(i) Subhash was elected as the Preisdent of Indain National Congress twice in 1938 (Haripura session) and in 1939 (Tripuri session).
(ii) The All India National Planning Committee which was set up by Congress was formally inaguarated by Bose at Mumbai in December 1938.
(iii) Bose organised the left wing of Congress and founded a new party within Congress known as Forward Bloc on 3rd May 1939. He founded Free India Centres in Rome and Paris.
(b) Netaji’s contributions to the Indian freedom struggle : Subhas Chandra Bose arrived at Singapore on 2nd July, 1943 by German and Japanese submarines. Two days later he offically took charge of the Indian Independence League.
(ii) On 26th August 1943 he took charge of Indian National Army and became its supreme commander. He set up the INA headquarters in Yangon and Singapore and began to organise INA.
(iii) On October 21st 1943 he announced the formation of a provisional government of free India in Singapore and declared war against the Allies.
(ii) Indian territories of Adaman and Nikobar islands were handed over to Subhash which were renamed as ‘Shaheed’ and ‘Swaraj’.
(c) Netaji’s legacy :
(i) He laid stress on national planning, unity and organisation of masses for national struggle.
(ii) Bose gave a call to his soldiers “Give me blood and I shall give you freedom”. He gave the slogans Delhi chalo and Jai Hind.
(iii) Subhas led the freedom struggle outside India and set an inspiring example of patriotism.