Students of ICSE Class 10 should refer to Mineral Resources ICSE Class 10 Geography previous year questions and solutions. below which have come in past board exams. You should always go through questions that have come in previous years. This will help you to understand the pattern of questions in ICSE Class 10 Geography and prepare accordingly. This will help you to get better marks in ICSE Class 10 Board Exams
ICSE Class 10 Geography Mineral Resources Last Year Questions
Students should learn the important questions and answers given below for Chapter Mineral Resources in Geography for ICSE Class 10. These board questions are expected to come in the upcoming exams. Students of ICSE Class 10th should go through the board exams questions and answers for ICSE Class 10 Geography which will help them to get more marks in exams.
Board Exam Questions Mineral Resources ICSE Class 10 Geography
Mineral Resources ICSE Class 10 Geography
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Question: Why is Manganese an important raw material for iron and steel industry?
Answer: Manganese is used to make steel tough, hard and rust resistant and that’s why it is an important raw
material for iron and steel industry.
Question: Name one iron-ore field in Orissa (Odisha).
Answer: Keonjhar, Mayurbhanj, Sambhalpur, Sundergarh, Cuttack and Koraput.
Question: Name the best quality of iron ore which has magnetic property.
Name the best variety of iron ore.
Question: State an important industrial use of Manganese.
Answer: Manganese is used in chemical industries for manufacturing bleaching powder.
Question: Name an iron ore mine of Karnataka.
Short Answer Type Questions
Question: (i) State any one important use of bauxite as a raw material.
(ii) Name one state where bauxite is found.
Answer: (i) Bauxite is mainly used in aircrafts, automobiles, shipping industry, household appliances, rail wagons, coaches, etc.
(ii) Bauxite is found in Odisha, Goa, Gujarat, Maharashtra, etc.
Question: Give the names of four important types of iron ore found in India.
Answer: (i) Haematite
Question: State the most important use of the following:
(i) Iron Ore
Answer: (i) Iron ore – are used in Steel making / Slag for cement / sludge for fertilizer. [Any one use]
(ii) Bauxite- to extract aluminum/ light / used in aircraft/ use in automobiles
Question: State two reasons why limestone is a valuable minerals.
Answer: Limestone is needed in the manufacture of iron and steel, cement, fertilizers / Fluxing material
in smelting of iron ore / glass manufacturing / manufacture of Chemicals – soda ash, caustic
soda, bleaching powder / Use in paper / sugar and aluminium.
Question: Mention any two uses of Manganese.
Answer: Any two of the following: Raw material in the iron and steel industry / to make steel tough and rust proof
In the manufacture of black enamel
In the chemical industry
In the electrical industry
In the glass industry
In the battery industry
To form alloys.
Question: Name the ore of aluminium. Describe two main uses of aluminium.
Two uses of aluminium-
(i) Used in automobiles, aircraft
(ii) Packaging like cans, foil, etc.
Question: Name the minerals of the following:
(i) Which is converted to aluminium?
(ii) The largest deposits of which are found in Balaghat in Madhya Pradesh.
Answer: (i) Bauxite
(ii) The largest deposits of Manganese are found in Balaghat in Madhya Pradesh.
Question: What grade of iron-ore is mostly mined in India? Name two leading iron-ore producing states.
Answer: Haematite and Magnetite are mostly mined in India. Two leading iron producing states are- Karnataka, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Goa and Jharkhand
Question: Name one centre in each of the following states where iron is mined:
Answer: (i) Odisha- Keonjhar
(ii) Jharkhand- Singhbhum
Question: Name two states in India where manganese is found. State one use of manganese.
Answer: Two states in India where manganese is found are- Odisha, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Telangana, Jharkhand and Rajasthan
One use of manganese-
(i) It is used in manufacture of chemical and electrical equipment’s.
(ii) It is used to manufacture coloured glass.
(iii) It is used in chemical industries for manufacturing bleaching powder.
(iv) It is used in dry cell batteries.
(v) Manganese is also used to manufacture vital enzymes for the metabolism of fats and proteins.
Question: Mention two states in the country where iron-ore reserves are abundant.
Answer: Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Odisha
Long Answer Type Of Questions
Question: (i) Name the metal extracted from Bauxite.
(ii) Mention two uses of this metal.
Answer: (i) Aluminium
(ii) Used for manufacture of aircraft / utensils / wires.
Question: Name the mineral used in the manufacture of:
Answer: (i) Cement – limestone
(ii) Aluminium – bauxite
(iii) Synthetics – oil or coal.
Question: Name the leading producer of manganese in India? Name two important industrial uses of manganese.
Answer: Odisha is the leading producer of manganese in India.
(i) It is used in manufacture of chemical and electrical equipments.
(ii) It is used in chemical industries for manufacturing bleaching powder.
(iii) It is used in dry cell batteries.
Question:. Name the different types of iron ore found in India. Which is the best quality of iron ore?
Answer: Haematite, Magnetite, Limonite and Siderite are the different types of iron ore in India.
Magnetite is the best quality of iron ore.
Question: (i) Mention two reasons why minerals are important.
(ii) Name one area in Orissa (Odisha) and one area in Chhattisgarh, where iron-ore is mined.
Answer: (i) Two reasons why minerals are important-
1. Minerals are the source of raw materials and form the basis for industries.
2. They are the source of energy/power e.g. coal and petroleum.
(ii) Odisha- Keonjhar, Myurbhanj and Sambalpur Chhattisgarh- Bailadillain Dantewada district and Durg district.
Question: Which country in South Asia is the largest producer of bauxite? Why is bauxite considered an important mineral?
Answer: India is the largest producer of bauxite in South Asia. Bauxite is considered an important mineral because
(i) It is rust resistant, strong and lightweight metal
(ii) A good conductor of electricity.
(iii) It is mainly used in aircrafts, automobiles, shipping industry, household appliances, rail wagons, coaches, etc.
Question. What is meant by ‘Ore’ ?
Answer: Rocks containing metallic minerals in concentrated form are called ores.
Question. What grade of iron-ore is mostly mined in India ?
Answer: Haematite is mostly mined in India.
Question. Name the ore of aluminium. Describe two main uses of aluminium.
Answer: Bauxite. It is used in aircraft and automobile.
Question. Where is the largest aluminium plant in India located ?
Answer: The largest integrated aluminium plant in India is at Renukoot in Uttar Pradesh.
Question. Name one important non-ferrous metal which is being used since ancient time.
Answer: Copper is an important non-ferrous metal which is being used since ancient time.
Question. Mention the varieties of Iron ore.
Answer: In India, three varieties of iron ore are found. They are :
(i) Haematite (ii) Magnetite (iii) Limonite (iv) Siderite.
Question. Why is magnetite is known as black ore ?
Answer: Magnetite is dark brown to blackish in colour and is, therefore, known as ‘black ore’.
Question. Name the state where siderite variety of iron ore is found.
Answer: Goa is the only state where siderite variety of iron one is found.
Question. Mention the main iron ore exporting port in India.
Answer: Th e ma in i ron o re e x po rtin g po rts in Indi a ar e Ma rmag ao and Vishakhapatnam.
Question. Name the two belts where manganese is found in India.
Answer: Nagpur – Bhandara belt of Maharashtra and Balaghat – Chhindwara belt of Madhya Pradesh.
Question. Which state is the leading producer of manganese ?
Answer: Odisha is the leading producer of manganese.
Question. What are minerals ? Mention any three unique characteristics of minerals.
Answer: Minerals are natural substances of organic or inorganic origin with definite chemical and physical properties
Characteristics of minerals :
(i) Minerals are not evenly distributed over space.
(ii) Minerals have inverse relationship in quality and quantity, i.e., good quality minerals are less in quantity than low quality minerals.
(iii) Minerals are exhaustible over time. They take long time to develop geologically and cannot be replenished immediately when needed. Thus, they need to be conserved as they do not have the second crop.
Question. Name two varieties of iron ore.
Answer: (i) Haematite : It is reddish in colour and is also known as ‘Red Ore’. It contains 60 to 70 per cent pure iron and is found in Odisha, Jharkhand,
Chhattisgarh, Karnataka and Maharashtra.
(ii) Magnetite : It is dark brown to blackish in colour and is, therefore, known as ‘black ore’. It is the best quality of iron and contains more than 70 per cent of iron. Since it possesses magnetic property, it is called magnetite. It is found in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.
Question. Name two leading states producing manganese. Name two industrial uses of manganese.
Answer: (i) Maharashtra and Odisha are two leading states producing manganese.
(ii) It is used in iron and steel industries.
(iii) It is also used in manufacturing bleaching powder, black enamel.
Question. State the distribution of iron ore deposit in the state of Odisha.
Answer: (i) The iron ore deposits in Odisha belong to the haematite variety containing 55 to 68 per cent iron content.
(ii) Keonjhar, Mayurbhanj, Sambalpur, Sundergarh, Cuttack, Koraput have iron ore deposits.
(iii) The steel plants located at Asansol, Bokaro, Durgapur, Jamshedpur and Rourkela receive their supplies of iron ore from these deposits in Odisha.
Question. Mention the uses of iron ore.
Answer: (i) About 90 per cent of iron ore is used to make steel. Raw iron by itself is not as strong and hard as needed for construction and other purposes.
So it is alloyed with other elements to strengthen and harden it, making it useful for construction, automobiles and other forms of transportation such as trucks, trains and train tracks.
(ii) Powdered iron is used in manufacturing metallurgy products, magnets, high frequency cores, auto parts and catalysts.
(iii) Radioactive iron (iron is 59 per cent) is used in medicine as tracer element and in biochemical and metallurgical research.
(iv) Iron blue is used in paints, printing inks, plastics, cosmetics (eye shadow), artist colours, laundry blue, paper dyeing, fertilizer ingredient, baked enamel finishes for autos and appliances and industrial finishes.
(v) Black iron oxide is used as pigment in polishing compounds, metallurgy, medicine, and magnetic inks.
Question. Mention the uses of manganese.
Answer: The uses of manganese are the following :
(i) Manganese is used to make steel tough and resistant to rusting. Therefore, it is an important raw material for the iron and steel industry.
(ii) Manganese is used in the manufacturing of black enamel, in chemical industries for manufacturing bleaching powder and in electrical and glass industries.
(iii) Manganese is used to form a number of important alloys.
(iv) Manganese is used in dry cell batteries.
(v) Manganese is used to manufacture vital enzymes for the metabolism of fats and proteins. Manganese can also regulate blood sugar levels and supports the immune system. It is also involved in bone development and reproduction.
(vi) Manganese is essential to plant growth and is involved in the reduction of nitrates in green plants and algae when distributed in the correct amount.
(vii) Manganese is an essential trace element in higher animals. It aids in the action of many enzymes.
Question. Mention the uses of Bauxite.
Answer: (i) Bauxite is the main source of aluminium, which is a lightweight, strong and rust resistant metal.
(ii) Aluminium is used in aircrafts, automobiles, rail wagons, coaches, shipping industry and household appliances.
(iii) It is used in electrical equipment industry and for transmitting electricity because it is a good conductor of electricity.
(iv) Pure aluminium is the best material for making headlight reflectors and mirrors and in telescopes.
Question. Where are the deposits of bauxite found in India ?
Answer: Bauxite is found in the following areas :
Goa Mopa and Pernem.
Odisha Kalahandi and Sambalpur.
Gujarat Jamnagar, Kaira, Surat and Kutch.
Madhya Pradesh Jabalpur, Balaghat, Shahdol, Mandla and Amarkantak Plateau.
Chhattisgarh Durg, Bilaspur, Raigarh.
Question. State any three states along with the region for distribution of Bauxite.