Students should refer to Forward Bloc and INA Class 10 ICSE notes provided below which has been designed by ICSE Class 10 History teacher based on the latest syllabus and examination guidelines for ICSE Class 10 History. You should carefully read through and understand all topics of this chapter given below so that you can learn the concepts given in Chapter Forward Bloc and INA which will be very useful if you use them prior to your History exams.
ICSE Class 10 History Forward Bloc and INA Summary
We have provided below a summary of Chapter Forward Bloc and INA. This is an important chapter in Standard 10th ICSE History. The summary provided below has been prepared by expert History faculty for ICSE based on the latest ICSE books. You should refer to all Chapter Summaries ICSE Class 10 History which will help you to understand all chapters and to get more marks in exams.
Forward Bloc and INA ICSE Class 10 History
Scope of Syllabus:
• Objectives of Forward Bloc
• Objectives of INA
• Contributions of Subhas Chandra Bose
Bose felt the urgent need for an organised left-wing party in the congress. After resigning from the presidentship of the Congress in 1939, he laid the foundation of a new party within the Congress, to bring the entire left wing under one banner. Thus, party known as Forward Bloc, was formed on May 3, 1939.
Objectives of Forward Bloc
• Its immediate objective was liberation of India with the support of workers, peasants, and other organisations.
• Re-organisation of agriculture and industry on socialist lines.
• Abolition of the Zamindar System.
• Introduction of a new monetary and Credit System.
Indian National Army (INA)
The idea of the INA was conceived in Malaya by Mohan Singh, an Indian Officer in the British Indian Army. He decided not to join the retreating British army and instead went to the Japanese for help. Indian Prisoners of War (POW’s) were handed over by the Japanese to Mohan Singh who inducted them into the INA.
Objectives of INA
• To organise an armed revolution and to fight the British army with modern arms.
• To organise a provisional government of Free India in order to mobilise all the forces effectively.
• Total mobilisation of Indian man-power and money for a total war.
• The motto of the INA was ‘Unity, Faith, Sacrifice’.
Contributions of Bose
• He was instrumental in the formation of the Forward Bloc.
• He led the freedom struggle outside India as the supreme commander of the INA. He set up the provisional Government of Free India in Singapore.
• He declared war on Britain and the USA and acquired its first stretch of territory in India when Japan handed over Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
• He gave the call to his soldiers, “Give me blood and I shall give you Freedom.” He gave the slogans ‘Delhi Chalo’ and ‘Jai Hind’.