Please refer to Physical Education Class 10 ICSE Hockey notes provided below. These revision notes have been prepared based on the latest syllabus and examination pattern for ICSE Class 10 Physical Education issued for the current academic year. Students should always revise these revision notes prior to their exams to properly prepare and understand all topics. After reading these notes also refer to Sample Papers for Class 10 ICSE Physical Education
ICSE Class 10 Physical Education Hockey Revision Notes
Students can refer to the quick revision notes prepared for Chapter Hockey in Class 10 ICSE. These notes will be really helpful for the students giving the Physical Education exam in ICSE Class 10. Our teachers have prepared these concept notes based on the latest ICSE syllabus and ICSE books issued for the current academic year. Please refer to Chapter wise notes for ICSE Class 10 Physical Education provided on our website.
Physical Education Class 10 ICSE Hockey Notes
➢ Introduction :
Field Hockey is an eleven-a-side game played on a pitch of 91.40 m x 54.86 m with a ball which has a 23cm circumference. Each player has a stick with a rounded head to play the ball with an objective to score goals by putting the ball in the opposing team’s goal in the duration of 60 minutes. Sticks are anywhere between 28 inches and 39 inches long and weigh between 340g and 790g. Protective equipment is worn in the form of full body armor, pads, gloves, kickers and a helmet by the goal keepers and shin guards and mouth guards for outfield players.
International Hockey Federation (FIH)
The Federation Internationale de Hockey (English: International Hockey Federation), commonly known by the acronym FIH, is the international governing body of field hockey and indoor field hockey. FIH was founded on 7 January 1924 in Paris by Paul Leautey, who became the first president, in response to field hockey ’s omission from the programme of the 1924 Summer Olympics. Its headquarter is located in Lausanne, Switzerland and FIH is responsible for field hockey ’s major international tournaments, notably the World Cup.
➢ Hockey India
Hockey India is the governing body of field hockey in India. It was formed after Indian Hockey Federation was dismissed in 2008 by IOA. Hockey India launched its own logo in a grand ceremony on July 24, 2009, in India. It resembles Ashok Chakra of Indian flag. It is made up of field hockey sticks. In a significant way forward, Indian Hockey Federation (I.H.F) & Hockey India (H.I), on 25 July 2011, signed an agreement leading up to formation of a joint executive board which shall perform the function of the National Sports Federation for field hockey.
➢ Hockey Specification
➢Hockey field and its Measurements
➢ Hockey Court Markings
(i) Side line : The longer perimeter line (90.40m).
(ii) Backline : The shorter perimeter line (55m).
(iii) Goal-lines : The back-lines between the goalposts.
(iv) 23 Meter area : The area enclosed by and including the line across the field 22.90 meters from each back-line, the relevant part of the sidelines, and the back-line.
(v) Penalty spot : Penalty spot is marked in front of the centre of each goal in the centre of each spot 6.40 m from the inner edge of the goal-line.
(vi) Playing distance : The distance within which a player is capable of reaching the ball to play it.
(vii) Shooting circles : There are two shooting circles, one in front of each of the goals. The shooting circles are 14.63 m semi-circles and it is measured from the inside front corner of the goal-post to the outer edge of that line.
(viii) Dotted circle : There are two dotted circles one in front of each of the goals which is 19.63 m.
➢ Latest General Rules of Hockey
(i) The two minute green card will be penalized for using the stick above the shoulder.
(ii) The breaking at penalty corners. Regulation has effected a significant reduction in the number of breaks at tournaments, by both attackers and defenders. As a consequence, the requirement that a penalty stroke be awarded for defenders persistently crossing the back-line before permitted has been deleted.
(iii) The ability to take attacking free hits, awarded within 5 meters of the edge of the circle, from the point of the offence. The ball still has to travel at least 5 meters before it can be played into the circle, or alternatively has to be touched by another player of either team, other than the player taking the free hit. Having to take the ball back to the 5 meters dotted line slowed the play and was seen as a real disadvantage to the attacking team and the flow of the game.
(iv) The re-start after the ball has unintentionally been played over the back-line by a defender or deflected by a goalkeeper or player with goalkeeping privileges, and no goal is scored. Play will now be re-started with the ball on the 23 meters line and in line with where it crossed the back-line.
(v) There is also a lifting of the ban on certain types of face masks, in particular those with metal grills, recognizing that the primary objective of wearing a face mask to defend a penalty corner should be safety. Nevertheless, players wearing face masks are not permitted to conduct themselves in a manner which is dangerous to other players by taking advantage of the protective equipment that they wear.
➢ New Amendment in the Rules of Hockey
(i) Now, the players cautioned with the green card will be suspended for 2 minutes.
(ii) The duration of the match is of 60 minutes.
(iii) Ball intentionally played over the back-line by a defender and no goal is scored. If it is clear that the action is intentional, umpires should not hesitate to award a penalty corner.
(iv) Obstruction–Umpires should penalize shielding the ball with the stick more strictly. They should also look out for a tackling player who by pushing or leaning on an opponent causes them to lose possession of the ball.
(v) Ball stationary at a free hit–Umpires are sometimes not strict enough on requiring the ball to be stationary, although very briefly, for a free hit especially if it is taken using a self-pass.
➢ Fundamental Skills of Hockey
(i) Hitting : Hitting involves, contacting the ball with a stick with hard firm forward swing, leading the ball to move fast.
(ii) Push Pass : It involves pushing the ball with the stick, for short and accurate pass.
(iii) Dodging : Dodge is used to gain space or time for either passing or dribbling by making the opponent go to the wrong way. It is to get away from close marking, a player may shift his weight and dodge to the left and draw his opponent to move in the same direction.
(iv) Dribbling : Dribbling is running with the ball while shifting it right and left and keeping it in perfect control so as to pass it at any time or change its direction to beat a player.
(v) Scooping (side line hit) : A “scoop” occurs when a stationary or slow moving ball is raised off the ground with a slow movement of the stick, after the head of the stick is placed slightly under the ball.
(vi) Lunging : Lunging is used to increase the reach, to play the ball which is out of reach. The player is required to hold the stick at the top of the stick by either hand. Holding the stick and the arm extending fully and body lunging forward on one leg, knees comfortably bent. It is used when the ball is out of the two-handed reach.
(vii) Feinting : When a player dribbles to mislead his opponent. Feinting with the ball is to draw the ball sideways to the left or right at an angle to the line of the dribble, just in front of the opponent to make the opponent sway to that side, beating an opponent with a body-swerve (to dodge) produced by a shift of weight.
(viii)Flick : It occurs when the ball is pushed and is consequently raised off the ground. It is used to pass the ball to a teammate or place the ball into the goal.
(ix) Reverse flick : It means to raise the ball with the reverse stick to give pass over the stick of an opponent towards the right side or to place the ball into the goal.
(x) Tackling : It is an attempt to take possession of the ball from an opponent’s control or an action to stop an opponent from retaining the possession of the ball.
(xi) Push : A method of moving or passing the ball in which the stick is in contact with the ball and the ground as the player pushes the ball up the field.
➢ Terminology Related to Hockey
(i) Rolling substitution : It is the continuous replacement of one player from another throughout the game, as long as each side has only 11 players on the field at once.
(ii) Shoveling : It is the simplest and the most basic shot. Its execution is simply to push in the desired direction, be the forehand, backhand or the spearing motion.
(iii) 16 yard hit : A 16 yard hit is a type of free hit, awarded for defense, when the ball goes wholly over the backline and the attacking team was the last to touch it in any way. It is taken in line with where the ball crossed the back-line, up to 14.63m from the backline.
(iv) Hit in : This is a powerful stroke for long passes or to score goal. A player raises the stick at back and then hits the ball with the full swing of the stick whereas hands hold the stick from the top. When the ball goes out on the sideline, the opposite team gets a hit in.
(v) Misconduct : Rough or dangerous play, time-wasting, deliberate breach of any rule or any other behavior, which in the umpire’s opinion amounts to misconduct.
(vi) Corner push : It is a technique of attack within the hockey field, when the ball is pushed involving the Penalty Corners.
(vii) Carried : When a ball hits the leg (foot) while dribbling or tackling an opponent, it is considered as a foul (foot foul), opponents can intentionally hit the ball on the leg to get a free hit. One has to be careful while tackling an opponent.
(viii)Sudden death : If a hockey match is tied after the end of regulation time, then an extra time of two 7.5 minute periods is played. During this period, the team which scores the first goal is declared winner. It means ‘the game ends as soon as one team scores’.
(ix) Stroke : To pass the ball to the teammate at short or long distance or to score a goal with a powerful blow from a stick.
(x) Reverse hit : It means to hit the ball towards the right side to run without changing the position of the ball or body with the reverse side of the stick.
(xi) Bully : It is a call used to start or restart play. The referee puts the ball between two opposing players. The players tap the flat sides of their sticks three times and then go for the ball.
(xii) Pass back : To restart the game, a player hits the ball from the center line to one of his teammates.
(xiii) Back stick : It is an illegal shot in which the ball strikes the rounded face of the hockey stick.
(xiv) Goalkeeper : One of the participants of each team on the field who wears full protective equipment comprising at least headgear, leg guards and kickers and who is also permitted to wear goal-keeping hand protectors and other protective equipment.
(xv) Field player with goalkeeping privileges : One of the participants on the field who does not wear full protective equipment but who has goal-keeping privileges, this player wears a different color shirt to their other team members for identification.
(xvi) Attack (Attacker) : The team (player) which (who) is trying to score a goal.
(xvii) Defense (Defender) : The team (player) which (who) is trying to prevent a goal from being scored.
(xviii) Back-line : The shorter (55 meters) perimeter line.
(xix) Goal-line : The back-line between the goalposts.
(xx) Side-line : The longer (91.40 meters) perimeter line.
(xxi) 23-meter area : The area enclosed by and including the line across the field, 22.90 meters from each back-line, the relevant part of the side-lines, and the back-line.
(xxii) Push : Moving the ball along the ground using a pushing movement of the stick after the stick has been placed close to the ball. When a push is made,
(i) Hockey World Cup
(ii) Women’s Hockey World Cup
(iii) Hockey Junior World Cup
(iv) Women’s Hockey Junior
(v) Olympic Games
(vi) Hockey World League
(vii) Hockey Champions Trophy
(viii) Hockey Champions Challenge
➢ National Tournaments
(i) MCC Murugappa Gold Cup
(ii) Gurmeet Memorial Hockey Tournament
(iii) Indian Oil Surjit Hockey Tournament
(iv) Chhatrapati Shivaji Hockey Tournament
(v) Aagha Khan Hockey Tournament
(vi) Bombay Gold Cup
(vii) Obaidullah Khan Gold Cup
(viii) Jawaharlal Nehru Hockey Tournament
(ix) Lal Bahadur Shastri Hockey Tournament
(x) Liberals Hockey Tournament
(xi) Shri Shadilal Rajendralal Memorial Hockey Tournament
(xii) Indira Gold Cup
(xiii) Beighton Cup
(xiv) Senior National Hockey Tournament
(xv) Junior National Hockey Tournament
(xvi) Sub-junior National Hockey Tournament