Please refer to Physical Education Class 10 ICSE Personal Health notes provided below. These revision notes have been prepared based on the latest syllabus and examination pattern for ICSE Class 10 Physical Education issued for the current academic year. Students should always revise these revision notes prior to their exams to properly prepare and understand all topics. After reading these notes also refer to Sample Papers for Class 10 ICSE Physical Education
ICSE Class 10 Physical Education Personal Health Revision Notes
Students can refer to the quick revision notes prepared for Chapter Personal Health in Class 10 ICSE. These notes will be really helpful for the students giving the Physical Education exam in ICSE Class 10. Our teachers have prepared these concept notes based on the latest ICSE syllabus and ICSE books issued for the current academic year. Please refer to Chapter wise notes for ICSE Class 10 Physical Education provided on our website.
Physical Education Class 10 ICSE Personal Health Notes
➢ Health : It is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. It is the quality of life that enables the individual to live fit and serve best.
➢ Health Education : It is a process that informs, motivates and helps people to adopt and maintain healthy practices and lifestyles, advocates environmental changes as needed to facilitate this goal and conducts professional training and research to the same end.
➢ Objectives of Health Education :
(i) Develop healthy habits
(ii) Prevention against diseases
(iii) Impart health and hygiene knowledge
(iv) Improve living conditions
(v) Awareness about first aid
➢ Importance of Health Education :
(i) Discovering physical defects
(ii) Maintaining good health
(iii) Improving human relations
(iv) Encouraging health and hygiene
(v) Part of Safety Education
➢ Personal Hygiene : It is the condition of applying hygiene in one’s own self.
➢ Tips for care of skin : Use good soap, take bath with fresh / lukewarm water, use clean towel, regularly clean genital and anal areas.
➢ Tips for care of hair : Regular combing, use good quality soap/ shampoo, use amlas for washing hair, use eggs for retaining black colour of the hair.
➢ Tips for care of ears : Cleaning wax regularly, not using sharp objects for cleaning, using glycerine and soft cloth for cleaning ears.
➢ Tips for care of nails : Keeping nails neat and clean, cutting nails at short and regular intervals, avoid nail biting.
➢ Tips for care of eyes : Using cold water and clean cloth for cleaning eyes, doing exercise of eyes, eating foods rich in Vitamins A and C, using sunglasses, watching TV and reading books from a distance, reading and writing in proper light.
➢ Tips for care of nose : Regular cleaning of nose and mucus, performing Jala Neti Kriya; Kapal Bhati and Pranayam, avoid nose picking.
➢ Tips for care of hands : Washing hands with soap and water before and after meals and after using toilets, thorough rinsing of soap on all parts of hands and gaps between the fingers, drying hands with clean towel.
➢ Tips for care of feet : Using a good scrubber, wearing cotton socks, using two pairs of shoes alternatively, powdering the feet before wearing the socks, going for regular pedicure at least once a month.
➢ Foot Care : Taking good care of feet improves the overall personality of an individual.
➢ Effects of poor foot care : It is important a proper care of feet else it may affect proper walking, exercising, comfort, affects the body parts like knee; hip and lower back.
➢ Common feet related problems :
(i) Corns : It is the thickening of small area of skin due to wrong foot wear.
(ii) Broken nails : Generally due to very tight footwear.
(iii) Ringworm : Communicable disease spread by fungus called dermatophytes.
(iv) Athlete’s foot : Redness and itching called by walking bare foot in wet areas or wet shoes.
➢ Ways to take care of feet :
(i) Wash your feet daily.
(ii) Use pumice stone to remove dead skin.
(iii) Massage your feet with some oil, lotion or petroleum jelly before sleep.
(iv) Take immediate and relevant steps in case of cut wound, sore foot, swelling, etc.
(v) Wear comfortable foot wear.
(vi) Regularly check your feet for blisters or corns.
(vii) Regularly cut toe nails.
(viii)Wear heels and pointed shoes in special cases only. Regularly wear comfortable shoes.
➢ Tips for care of teeth : Using inter dental brush, daily flossing of teeth before sleeping, brushing teeth at least twice a day, gentle massaging of gums with brush.
➢ Tips for care of tongue : Cleaning the tongue regularly with tongue cleaner, gentle cleaning of tongue after meals.
➢ Tips for using hygienic clothing : Using fresh and washed inner clothes every day, ironing of clothes to destroy lice and nits.
➢ Importance of Personal Hygiene :
(i) Promotes personal as well as community health.
(ii) Prevents and controls communicable diseases.
(iii) Promotes the social value of the individual.
(iv) Reduces total expenditure on health.
(v) Helps in developing personality.
(vi) Removes low feelings and enhances self confidence.
(vii) Helps to feel secure.
(viii)Helps to lead a good professional life.
Physical Education Class 10 ICSE Personal Health Notes Sleep Requirements
➢ Factors determining sleep requirements : Age, Genetic and Exercise.
➢ Age based standard sleep requirements :
➢ Benefits of proper sleep :
➢ Healthy heart
(i) Reduction in tension and stress
(ii) Proper repair of body cells and tissues
(iii) Reduces weight
(iv) Improves immunity
(v) Improves memory
(vi) Proper hormonal growth
(vii) Improves nervous system
➢ Effects of insufficient sleep :
(i) Risk of road accidents
(ii) Pessimistic approach
(iv) Increase in body weight
(v) Heart related problems
(vi) Darkening of skin
(vii) Poor memory
➢ How to enjoy sound sleep :
(i) Comfortable bed
(ii) Absence of noise
(iii) Room temperature about 20°C
(iv) Fixed sleep time
(v) Light night dress
(vi) Proper ventilation
(vii) Avoid tea/coffee before going to bed
(viii) Do not cover face.
➢ Nutrition : Nutrition is defined as the science of food and its relationship to health. In other words, it can be said that nutrition is the science of food which deals with the dynamic process in which the food consumed is digested.
➢ Nutrients : Essential substances present in the food.
➢ Diet : Contains variety of foodstuffs. This helps in protecting us from diseases and in the repair of worn out tissues and giving energy.
➢ Balanced Diet : A diet that contains right amount of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, minerals, salts, vitamins, roughage and water is called a balanced diet.
➢ Roughage : The fibre present in the food which helps to eliminate wastes from the body.
➢ Elements of Diet : A diet which contains all the foodstuffs necessary to maintain good health consists of following elements :
➢ Proteins : Proteins are nutrients that help to build the body and make new cells. They help us in the repair of worn out tissues. They are especially important for growing children. They are called body building food. Milk, eggs, cheese, pulses, meat and fish have lots of proteins.
➢ Carbohydrates : Carbohydrates gives us energy to work. Sugar and starch are carbohydrates. Potato, rice, bread, banana and grapes are rich sources of carbohydrates. These are called energy giving foods.
➢ Fats : Fats provide us with twice as much energy as carbohydrates. We can store extra fat in our body to be used later. Butter, ghee and nuts are rich sources of fats, but too much of fats can lead to diseases like blood pressure, heart problem and obesity.
➢ Vitamins : Vitamins are needed by our body in a very small amount. They keep us healthy by helping the body to fight against the diseases. They also help our eyes, nerves, gums, skin, etc., to work properly.
➢ Minerals : Minerals are also needed in a very small quantity to keep us fit and healthy. Calcium is a mineral used for building bones and teeth. It is present in milk and green leafy vegetables. Iron is another mineral which helps our blood in carrying oxygen. These are called protective foods.
➢ Water : Almost two-third of our body is made up of water. Water helps our body to work well and maintain our
body temperature. We need to drink atleast 10-12 glasses or approx., 6-7 litres of water every day.
➢ Posture means the position of body in regard to the environment at any given instant. In medical terms, the posture means, an unconscious adjustment of tone in different muscles involved in active movement or a static position, for :
(i) Making the movement or position accurate
(ii) For maintaining the line or point of gravity constant.
➢ Correct posture or good posture – both static and dynamic – require normal muscle tone, mechanical freedom, better coordination, good neuromuscular control and well-developed postural reflexes. Correct posture is a position that is mechanically most favourable for the transmission of body weight. All the axes being parallel to vertical line. (abdomen in, chest held high, spin not twisted and shoulder are in erect position.)
➢ Importance of correct posture :
(i) Reduces strain and pains in joints
(ii) Reduces the chances of postural deformities
(iii) Helps in giving best physical performance
(iv) Improves health
(v) Helps in better metabolism of body activities
(vi) Develops skills
➢ Bad Posture is the posture that results from certain muscles tightening up on shortening while other lengthens and become weak which often occurs as a result of one’s daily activity.
➢ Causes of Bad Posture :
(i) Bad habit or faulty position
(ii) Over straining of muscles
(iii) Excessive body weight
(iv) Due to accident or any disease
(v) Lack of body exercise
(vi) Weak bones or muscles
(viii) Improper diet
➢ Advantages of correct posture :
(i) You will have more energy in your body
(ii) Flexibility in the body
(iii) Increases your positive vibrations
(iv) Reduces stress
(v) Increases intelligence and better concentration
➢ Correct Standing posture : Standing posture is balanced, free from muscular and ligamentous strain, that the line of gravity of the centre of the head, chest, abdomen and pelvic fall in straight line. In standing position, weight should be equally distributed between the ball of the foot and the heel.
➢ Correct Sitting posture or position : In simple sitting position, parts of the body, head, shoulder and hip should be well placed in proper alignments with each other. The weight of the sitter should be supported over a large area so as to equally distribute the pressure.
➢ Correct Walking posture : In correct walking posture, the feet should always be parallel to the direction in which the person is walking. The heels of the feet should be touch the ground while walking and the weight of the body should then be transferred to the toes.
➢ Consumption of alcohol : According to some doctors, if taken in small quantity, it helps digestion process. But, consumption in large quantities has bad effects on individual as well as society.
➢ Effects of alcohol consumption on individual :
(i) On muscular system : Muscles become weak, reduction in force that can be applied by muscles, irregular extension and contraction of muscles, reduction in strength of cardiac muscles.
(ii) On excretory system : Organs loose control and efficiency, wastes get deposited in body, kidney failure and lever damage.
(iii) On nervous system : Weakening of brain, impulsive, less or no nerve control, increase in response time, decrease in concentration.
(iv) On digestive system : Low production of digestive juice, fattening of organ membranes, incomplete digestion of food, loss of appetite.
(v) Other effects : Suicidal tendencies, decrease in decision making power.
➢ Effects of alcohol consumption on society :
(i) Family disputes,
(ii) Non satisfaction of needs of family,
(iii) Low social standard,
(iv) Alcoholics are burden on family and society,
(v) Loss of etiquettes and social values,
(vi) Increase in crimes.
➢ Harms of Smoking :
(i)The constituent Nicotine is deadliest enemy of health,
(ii)More than 15 chemicals in the leaves of tobacco cause cancer,
(iii)Arsenic is produced while smoking which is poisonous.
➢ Effects of smoking on individual :
(i) Effects on circulatory system : Rise in blood pressure and pulse, fall in blood flow and body temperature, causes angina and heart attack.
(ii) Effect on respiratory system : Inflammation of organs, cause throat irritation, cough, bronchitis, tuberculosis, oral cancer and lung cancer.
(iii) Effect on nervous system : Weakening of nerves, brain damage, depression, cause paralysis and suicidal tendencies
(iv) Effect on digestive system : Loss of appetite, cause stomach ulcers and heart burns, cancer of food pipe
(v) Effect on prospective life : Each cigarette smoked reduces life by approximately 4 minutes.
➢ Effect of smoking on society : Causes air pollution, threat to family as well as non-smokers around, generally make habitual for alcohol also, develops sterility, family disputes, etc.
➢ Drug : Chemical substance that changes emotions, mood, state of nerves and state of consciousness of an individual.
➢ Types of drugs : Legal drugs (alcohol, tobacco and caffeine) and Illegal drugs (cocaine, heroin, ecstasy, cannabis, ketamine, etc.)
➢ Drug Abuse : Use of non-prescribed drugs in huge amounts in such ways that may affect the life of the consumer. It results in drug addiction, deterioration of health (physical, social and psychological) and development of suicidal tendencies.
➢ WADA and NADA : World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and National Anti-Doping Agency (NADA) maintain, regularize, enforce and enlist substances which are categorized as drugs in sports.
➢ Drugs Prohibited at all times :
(i)Beta-2-agonists : Generally used by weightlifters, etc. to improve respiration efficiency.
(ii)Peptide hormones : Like HCG, ACTH, HGH, etc. improve muscle growth and RBC count in blood.
(iii)Anabolic steroids : THG, Methenolone, etc. improve performance, state of nerves and endurance but have serious side effects upon health.
(iv)Diuretics : Like Probenecid, Dextran, etc. are used to hide the detection of drugs in urine and other samples.
(v)Drugs prohibited during competition.
(vi)Narcotics, Cannabinoids, Stimulants and Glucocorticosteroids, etc.
If you have any questions relating to Physical Education Class 10 ICSE Personal Health Notes then please send us your queries in the comments section below