Students of ICSE Class 10 should refer to Major Agencies of the United Nations ICSE Class 10 Questions and answers below which have come in past board exams. You should always go through questions which have come in previous years so that you can understand the pattern of questions in ICSE Class 10 History and prepare accordingly. This will help you to get better marks in ICSE Class 10 Board Exams
ICSE Class 10 Major Agencies of the United Nations Questions and Answers
Please refer to solved questions for chapter Major Agencies of the United Nations provided below. These questions and answers are expected to come in the examinations. Students should learn these so that they are able to answer the questions properly in exams and get good marks. Refer to Important Questions for ICSE Class 10 History and Civics for all chapters on our website.
Major Agencies of the United Nations Questions and Answers
Short Answer Type Questions
(1) Write the full form of the following :
Ans. (i) UNICEF : United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund.
(ii) WHO : World Health Organisation.
(iii) UNESCO : United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation.
(2) Name the organisation associated with the above emblem. With what aim was it established?
Ans. The organisation in the emblem is UNICEF. It was set up by the General Assembly in 1946. It then aimed at giving relief to the children and their mothers as an emergency measure after the Second World War.
(3) Name the two prizes awarded to the UNICEF.
Ans. (i) Nobel Prize for Peace in 1965.
(ii) Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace in 1989.
(4) What is the source of finance of the UNICEF?
Ans. Contribution of money is made by voluntary organisations, governments and persons. UNICEF also raises funds from sale of greeting cards. (100 million $)
(5) State the functions peformed by UNICEF for the well-being of mother and child.
Ans. (i) To assist countries in providing protective food like milk, meat, fish, fats, etc to the children and to train nutritionists.
(ii) To take care of the woman and pregnant mothers.
(iii) To undertake Child Immunization and Oral Rehydration Projects in order to prevent diseases and restore good health.
(iv) To support programmes to prevent trafficking of women and children, and to prevent crime by them and against them.
(6) List the main funtions of WHO.
Ans. (i) To promote and co-ordinate research in the field of health, to finance research projects in their priority areas.
(ii) To set international standards for food, water, biological and pharmaceutical products such as drugs, medicines and vaccines.
(iii) To make efforts to bring improvement in the fields of primary health care, sanitation, safe drinking water, environmental hygiene, etc.
(iv) To fight diseases throughout the world, to prevent their spread at the source. It launched programme to immunise children against six major diseases – Measles, Diphtheria, Tetanus, Tuberculosis, Polio and Whooping Cough.
(7) When was the WHO established? Where are the headquarters of the WHO?
Ans. WHO was established on 7th April, 1948 in Switzerland, at Geneva. 7th April is also observed as the World Health Day
(8) Describe the functions of UNESCO with respect to education?
Ans. (i) To work for universal primary education, distance education and open school system and also adult education for the removal of illiteracy.
(ii) To give advice and financial assistance for the education of the disabled, the children, the girl child and women.
(iii) To provide fellowship, study-grants to teachers to do research in theories and methods of teaching and evaluation.
(iv) To develop libraries with financial help.
(v) To promote education as an instrument for international understanding.
(9) How does the UNESCO contribute in development of science and technology?
Ans. (i) To provide financial assistance and promote research in mathematics, geology, physics, oceanography, engineering and technology in developing countries.
(ii) To inform all countries about the progress in science through bulletins, exhibitions and journals. “Courier” is the official monthly magazine of the UNESCO.
(10) What is the role of UNESCO for preservation of cultural heritage?
Ans. (i) It helps a number of countries in the preservation of their cultural heritage and also protects monuments of artistic or historic symbolic interests. For example : The Asian Temple of Abu has been saved with the help of the UNESCO.
(ii) To encourage cultural exchange, it gives travel-grants to writers and artists under the project ‘Mutual Appreciation of Eastern and Western Cultural Values’.
(iii) To promote artistic creation in literature and fine arts.
(iv) It encourages translation of rare mauscripts.
(11) What does UNESCO undertake for bolstering communication?
Ans. (i) It gets up regional network, trained technicians and deals with both hardware and software aspects of informatics.
(ii) It improves the quality of the press, the films and video services.
(iii) It upholds the freedom of the press and independence of the media.
(12) When was the UNESCO established? Where are the headquarters of the UNESCO?
Ans. UNESCO was established on November 4, 1946. Its headquarters are in France, at Paris.
(13) Mention the steps under taken by UNESCO to improve education.
Ans. (i) UNESCO provides advice and expert assistance in matters like school construction and preparation of courses of study and text books.
(ii) Main areas of focus of the UNICEF are to provide basic education for all, to expand access to basic education, improve the quality of basic education and education for the 21st century. (iii) It also organizes book-fairs and festivals at international and national levels to promote education.
(iv) It has set up educational planning centres which prepare specialists in the theories and methods of education.
(v) It provides study grants to teachers and scholars and has set up International Institute of Educational Planning at Paris.
(14) Mention the areas in which WHO conducts research.
Ans. (i) The WHO promotes and coordinates research in the field of health by financing research projects in many countries.
(ii) Its research activities include nutritious food, environmental safety, mental health, control of specific diseases like cancer, heart-attack etc.
(15) What is the role of WHO in control of diseases?
Ans. (i) It sets international standards with respect to biological and pharmaceutical products. It also provides essential drugs to developing countries.
(ii) Many deadly diseases like small pox, measles, diptheria, polio, T.B. have been brought under control with the help of the WHO. It tries to prevent the spread of diseases to other countries by checking the disease at the source.
(16) Give an example of the a library system developed by UNESCO?
Ans. Development of library system is an important component of continuing education. Delhi Public Library established in 1951 with financial assistance from UNESCO has developed into a big metropolitan public library system.
(17) State the magzines/journals issued by UNESCO and WHO?
Ans. ‘Courier’ is the official monthly magazine of UNESCO. Its Hindi and Tamil editions are available in India. WHO publishes health journals like the ‘Bulletin of the World Health Organisation’ to create health consciousness among people.
(1) What are the main functions of the UNICEF with regards to :
(a) Child welfare
(b) Prevention of diseases
(c) Technical assistance and services
Ans. Major functions of the UNICEF :
(a) Child welfare :
(i) UNICEF works for the protection of children in respect of their survival, health, and well-being. This is done in cooperation with individuals, civic groups, governments and the private sector. (ii) It provides help to children and mothers in emergencies arising from natural calamities, civil strifes and epidemics. It helps in providing protective food like, milk, meat, fish and fats to the children and pregnant women.
(iii) UNICEF performs various other functions. As the sole agency for children, it speaks on behalf of children and upholds the Convention on the Rights of fhe Child and works for its implementation.
(b) Prevention of diseases :
(i) Universal Child Immunisation against preventable diseases s was one of the leading goals of UNICEF.
(ii) It makes effort to prevent diseases like tuberculosis (T.B.), malaria, eye diseases, skin diseases, etc.
(c) Technical assistance and services :
(i) It provides technical supplies, equipment a and other aids, ranging from paper for textbooks, to equipment and medicines to health clinics, to pipes and pumps for bringing clean water to villages.
(ii) It assists governments to plan, develop and extend communitybased services in the fields of maternal and child health, nutrition, clean water and sanitation. It provides funds for training personnel, including health and sanitation workers, teachers and nutritionists.
(2) Name the organisation associated with the above emblem. Mention the following functions of the organization named by you.
(a) Medical Care (b) Disease eradication
(c) Health awarness
(d) Provision of facilities The organisation associated with the emblem is W.H.O.
Ans. Major functions of the W.H.O. :
(a) Medical Care :
(i) It gives important drugs needed for medical care. The WHO launched a programme to immunise children against six major diseases-Measles, Diphtheria, Tetanus, Tuberculosis, Polio and Whooping Cough.
(ii) It defines standards for the strength and purity of medicines including biological products.
(b) Disease eradication :
(i) It promotes research to cure and prevent diseases. For example, it arranged for the investigation of cancer and heart diseases in laboratories is many countries to identify disease-causing organisms, to improve vaccines and to train research workers.
(ii) It aims at fighting diseases and preventing them from spreading. Malaria eradication programme continues to be the world’s biggest health programme.
(iii) It makes special efforts in combating diarrhoeal including biological products.
(c) Health awareness :
(i) It organises conferences, seminars and training for health care personnel from different countries.
(ii) It publishes health journals like the ‘Bulletin of the World Health Organisation’ to create health consciousness among people.
(d) Provision of facilities :
(i) It helps countries to improve their health system by building up infrastrucuture especially manpower, institutions and services for the individual and community.
(ii) It works towards providing safe drinking water and adquate waste disposal. The decade 1981-1990 was declared as the International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade.
(3) With reference to the UNESCO, explain its functions under the following heads :
Ans. (a) Education : The largest sector of UNESCO’s activity is in the field of education.
(i) Removal of illteracy by encouragement to adult education, distance and the open school system.
(ii) Emphasis on education of women and girls.
(iii) Finanical assistance for the education of disabled children.
(iv) Provision of grants and fellowships to teachers and scholars, organisation of library systems, and promotion of international understanding through education.
(v) Organisation of book fairs and festivals at international and national levels.
(vi) Encouragement of science education by providing regional training centres.
(v) Promotion of education as an instrument for international understanding.
(b) Culture : It encourages modernisation without the loss of cultural identity and diversity.
(i) UNESCO provides technical advice and assistance, equipment and funds for the preservation of monuments and other works of art. It has prepared a World Heritage List to identify the monuments and sites which are to be protected.
(ii) It aims to protect the world inheritance of books, works of art rare manuscripts.
(iii) It gives encouragement to artistic creations in literature and fine arts.
(iv) It pays attention towards the cultural development through the medium of films.
(v) It sends cultural missions to different countries so that there would be development of contacts which may promote peace and prosperity. In the past it has provided travel grants to writers and artists under a project named Mutual Appreciation of Eastern and Western Cultural Values.
(c) Science : The scientific activites undertaken by the UNESCO are:
(i) UNESCO organises seminars and conferences of scientists of various countries and circulates information.
(ii) It promotes basic research in fields like geology, mathematics, physics and oceanography. As a result, it finances engineering and technology schemes in a number of developing countries.
(iii) It helps in correcting the imbalance in scientific and technological manpower that exists, because 90 per cent of trained manpower is concentrated in the industrialised countries.
(iv) It encourages the study of social sciences in order to focus attention on combating all forms of discrimination, improving the status of women and helping the youth in solving their problems.